Health Tourism Before and After Civilizations
TRIBES: The desire to be able to find the best possibilities of healing through patient travel between tribes and, the wish to go to the best magician physician were indeed the first basic and organizational keystone of the health tourism, which has now taken all the world under influence. The connection between the healthcare and religion have moved forward in an integrated manner for several thousand years ago. In ancient excavations and evaluations, the Sumerians (BC 4000) are known to have established the oldest well-known health facilities around spas and healing waters.
Looking more closely, the ancient Greeks are known as the civilization, who are the first to lay the foundations of health tourism. The first examples, the temples of ASCLEPIUS, located in Anatolia near Izmir, are known and considered as the first health centers in the world. People from all over the world went to these temples to heal their diseases. The temple known with the name of EPIDAURUS was the most famous among them. It was the first building blocks of the complex structures of today containing gyms, snake farms, thermal baths, and the temple of dreams.
After the 1900s, the United States and Europe have become both industrial and commercially strong, but travels for healthcare purposes continued as a sector where only the rich benefits.
After the 1960s, India became an important stop. The American and British society started yoga and Ayurveda journeys. After the 1980s, the US patients have turned to overseas options such as dental treatment in the Central America.
JSI STANDARDS: In 1994, the American people formed the JSI ACCREDITATION organization in order to ensure that the health institutions of the countries where they go are in compliance with the standards they have set.
In 1997, Asia began to tackle an economic crisis. With the decrease in the currency values, they started to prepare precaution packages as a country policy. One of them would focus on health tourism and promotions and, campaigns would be made and, requested infrastructure would be created. Thailand, Singapore and India have started the professional journey of health tourism by providing JCI standards.
In 2008, insurance companies reached their current level and popularity by providing their members with an opportunity for non-urgent operations and surgical operations in other countries. In the last five years, the sector has started to gain importance and public & private health institutions, intermediary institutions, agencies and health professionals have started to make breakthroughs for health tourism in our country.